Article: ‘You Were the (Divine) Cherub’: A Potential Challenge to YHWH’s Sole Divinity in Ezekiel 28:14

Dear all,


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My article entitled “‘You Were the (Divine) Cherub’: A Potential Challenge to Yhwh’s Sole Divinity in Ezek 28.14” is now published in the Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 41/1 (UK-based)! I cannot express enough thanks to Dr. Carla Sulzbach, who has always been so kind and ready to proofread and comment on my papers. This article cannot come to fruition without her encouragements! Thank you very much, Carla!

If you have the subscription of the journal, feel free to download it from the official journal website:

Otherwise, you can just go to my to download the article:

Here is the abstract:

According to the Masoretic vocalizations, Ezek. 28.14 directly identifies the king of Tyre as ‘the anointed covering cherub’. Hector Patmore has recently suggested that the Masoretic vocalizations and accentuation produce an awkward reading of the verse, and that the Hebrew consonantal text does not perceive the Tyrian king as a cherub but a god. This article undertakes a two-fold examination of this controversial verse. First, it contends on syntactical grounds that the Masoretic identification of the Tyrian king with the cherub renders an intelligible reading of the consonantal text. Second, it suggests that the Masoretic presentation of the Tyrian king as a cherub is conceptually compatible with Patmore’s argument for the divinity of the Tyrian king in Ezek. 28.14. By comparing the Tyrian king to a cherub, the verse extols the Tyrian king to a nearly, if not fully, divine status, which potentially challenges the sole divinity of Yhwh.



Announcement: Forthcoming Flood Paper and Cherubic Piece

My journal article entitled “The Flood Narratives in Gen 6-9 and Darren Aronofsky’s Film Noah” has passed the double-blind peer review! It will be published in Old Testament Essays (South Africa-based).

Here is an excerpt of the first anonymous reviewer’s comment:

 …what I liked most is the literary theological themes the paper managed to develop in conjunction with sound historical research.

According to the second anonymous reviewer,

The article represents a good mix between Old Testament scholarship and engagement with popular culture.

A rudimentary idea of the forthcoming article was first posted on my personal blog under the title “Noah Within and Beyond the Bible” on 19.04.2014. Of course, the in-press article contains many more content/language corrections and updated references. So, remember to check out the journal when the flood paper comes out! 🙂

My journal article entitled ” ‘You Were the (Divine) Cherub’: A Challenge to YHWH’s Sole Divinity in Ezek 28:14″ passed the double-blind peer review at the end of last year. It will be published in the Journal for the Study of the Old Testament (United Kingdom-based). The anonymous reviewer suggests some areas for further improvements but made this overall assessment:

This is a very good article. It is scholarly, clear, well-structured and makes a persuasive case on a difficult adn controversial text.

If the information provided by the editor is correct, my cherubic piece will come out at the end of this year. Stay tuned! 🙂