For those interested in the textual history of the Hebrew Bible, I would recommend these two great books, from which I learn a great deal:
1. Ernst Würthwein and Alexander Achilles Fischer, The Text of the Old Testament: An Introduction to the Biblia Hebraica (3rd ed.; trans. Erroll F. Rhodes; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans: 2014).
It is our human responsibility to remember what has happened, to try to understand why, and to ask how things could have been different. It is our Christian responsibility to reassess the structures of our beliefs and the effects of these beliefs on others. It is both a human and a Christian responsibility to take an active role for the sake of the future and begin by rejecting dehumanizing views and actions.
Brooks Schramm and Kirsi I. Stjerna,
Martin Luther, The Bible, and The Jewish People (2012)
October 31, 2017 will be the five-hundredth anniversary of the posting of Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses, which initiated the Protestant Reformation. You see, I was born and have grown up in a Protestant environment. I used to imagine Martin Luther a superhero, who had the guts and intellect to challenge the religious perversity in his time. How ignorant of me! I still think that Luther has some merits, but now I realize that Luther and his contemporary were also the “pioneers” promoting the “equality” between animals and human beings. Can we say that they were the earliest “animal rights activists”?
2. Martin Luther on the “Equality” between Human Beings and Animals
Luther equated the papal church to animals:
- In 1523, Luther called the popes, bishops, sophists, and monks “the crude asses’ heads” / “die groben Eselköpfe” (cited from That Jesus Christ Was Born a Jew / Daß Jesus Christus ein geborener Jüde sei).
- In one Table Talk / Tischrede dated to 1533, he named the cardinals and bishops “bloodhounds” / “Bluthunde.”
- In another Table Talk / Tishrede dated to 1540s, he bestowed the title “a sow” / “eine Sau” upon his theological enemy, Johannes Eck.
On a pamphlet entitled “Papstesel” (1523), Lucas Cranach the Elder, a German painter and a fervent follower of Luther, pictured the Pope as a monster with a donkey head, fish skin, female breasts, and oxen hoof. Photo credit: ZEIT Geschichte 05/2016: 33 (N/B: I have blurred the original picture).
Luther equated the Jews to animals: (more…)
Photo Credit: Bloomberg
Breaking News from Haaretz: (more…)
First a big “WOW” to the Austrian lawyer Georg Zanger, who has filed a lawsuit against the Spreadshirt company on account for the “Save a dog, eat a Chinese” T-shirt. VIENNA.AT – Vienna Online published this news on 23 March 2017. He is of Jewish descent and not a Chinese, but is willing to fight for what he thinks is correct. (more…)
A couple of days ago, I saw this Huffington Post’s article shared by a FB friend. It offers an illuminating critique of Spreadshirts, “a German (Leipzig-based) online retail company,” which (has) advertised T-shirts with these offensive sentences: “Save a dog, eat a Chinese,” “Save a whale, eat a Japanese,” “Save a shark, eat a Chinese,” etc.
Yesterday I saw this news on a Chinese website. Due to the passionate protests of some Chinese, Spreadshirt’s branch offices in Australia, Canada, and the US have taken the T-shirts off their retail websites. However, other European (German, French, British, etc.) branch offices continue selling these T-shirts online.
This morning I was browsing the German website of Spreadshirts and have found this intriguing phenomenon. I just find it so interesting that I will post some of my observations here. Feel free to say what you think of them. When I typed the word “German” in the website’s search engine, out of the website came these T-shirts with the following words: “Proud to be German,” “Support our troops,” “Don’t play games with us, we are the German Army,” etc. There are also a lot of pictures of the German Shepherds. Luckily nothing too offensive came out when I typed “Africa,” “Britain,” or other Middle Eastern country names in the search box.
Below were some interesting pictures on the German website for the search word “America. (more…)
**See endnotes for further references**
My first book entitled Mapping Judah’s Fate in Ezekiel’s Oracles against the Nations had passed the double-blind peer review and was licked into shape under the supervision of the superb editorial team of the SBL Ancient Near East Monographs Series (US-based). (more…)
WARNING: The following story will begin with some nasty events, but will end on a brighter note.
In a small town neither too near to nor too far from Göttingen live a Chinese lady, her German husband and their child. I visited the lady once. The town was very quiet. Walking on the streets made us feel so young and naive, since all the people we met seemed to be as old and historic as the town itself. She told me that a few factories there had been closed down due to a lack of labour force. (more…)
A German flatmate once taught me how to bake a delicious Schmandtorte. Yesterday, I prepared it for a special occassion. 🙂
Here is the recipe: (more…)
Yay! My very first journal article is now out on the Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (ZAW) website (Germany-based). A four-page preview is available on my academia.edu. If you do not have the subscription or institutional access to this journal, you are very welcome to message me for an e-offprint (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Special thanks go to Dr. Carla Sulzbach. (more…)
首先，必须要说的是，我和Kwun-nok Mimi 都不是研究新约的学者。但是我们敬爱的林传道和师母很勇敢地让我们两个女生在上周二来带领《使徒行传导论》，Kwun-nok Mimi和 我也很勇敢地去接受了挑战。虽然准备得肯定不是像新约学者那样地专业，但是我们决定把我们准备的ppt资料和大家分享，这样说不定大家也能对使徒行传有个简易的了解，也就能在查经时更加有兴趣地去深入了解使徒行传了。如果你是新约学者，我们很欢迎你的回馈，告述我们怎样可以做得更好。谢谢。我们的PDF资 料可以在我的Academia.edu下载（按绿色的Download键即可）。