Article: Fiery Sheol in the Dead Sea Scrolls


At long last, my article in Revue de Qumran 27/106 (France-based) is out! It is downloadable from my…/_Fiery_Sheol_in_the_Dead_Sea_Scr…

Special thanks go to Prof. Shani Tzoref, who had first introduced me to the fascinating world of the Dead Sea Scrolls at the University of Sydney, and who then unhesitatingly helped proofread this article at the University of Göttingen. I am constantly inspired by her great erudition and undaunted courage! Lots of hugs to you, Shani! 🙂

Here is the shortened abstract:

This paper highlights that a fiery underworld is attested in several Qumran texts, expressed through the uniquely Hebraic term “Sheol” (שׁאול). After a brief overview of the use of the term in the Hebrew Bible, it will be shown that the more watery Sheol in the Hebrew Bible stands in contrast to the fiery Sheol in several non-biblical Hebrew Dead Sea scrolls. Rather than probing the origins of this fiery imagery, this article will mainly explore the literary functions of the fiery imagery. At the end, my conclusion is that the Dead Sea Scrolls not only contain an imagery of fiery Sheol, the relevant scrolls also attest to an annihilating concept of the afterlife that creates tensions with Josephus’ description of the Essene beliefs about the afterlife.

Fun fact #1:

The article has 22 pages, 81 footnotes, 6 different languages in varying proportions!

Fun fact #2:

An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 2013 SBL international meeting. For verifications, you are very welcome to have a look at the following links:

The publisher is kind to send a complementary copy of RevQ 106/27:



About Lydia Lee liber noster orbis terrarum est; in eo lego completum, quod in libro dei lego promissum.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s